Bash Arrays

Arrays are the main advanced data structure in Bash, but the syntax can be hard to remember. The following list summarizes the main operations.

Assigning an entire array:

nodes=(a b c d)

Copying an entire array:


Getting individual elements (zero-based indexing) or the element count:

echo ${nodes[i]}
echo ${#nodes[@]}

Iterating an array:

for node in "${nodes[@]}"; do ... done
for ((i=0; i<${#nodes[@]}; i++)); do node=${nodes[i]}; ... done

Appending to an array:


If you need the last form regularly, it can be simplified with the following shorthand:

function push_back { eval "$1[\${#$1[@]}]=\"\$2\""; }
push_back nodes foo

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